In the procedure of lumbering standing timber there are four processes in completing this transaction. First, it begins with a homesteader or developer assigning an area of the wooded land to be farmed out of a forest. Or an independent contractor will cut and sell logs to a wood mill. The commercial wood mill will handle the entire process from logging the timber through the sale of the wood. Before the use of modern technology, logging typically was limited to the winter months. Lumber jacks would cut down the trees and draft horses were used to pull and hauled the lumber, by wagon, from the drop point to the pick-up point near a river. Then, the logs floated down river to the railroad station, where it was taken to the designated milling yards. Eventually, vehicles were incorporated in the delivery process in lieu of horses. The use of trucks and railroads made the lumbering process more safe and efficient. This advancement in transportation allowed lumberjacks to cut and move the lumber year-round, rather than just during the winter months.
At the milling yards, the cut wood was then processed to be sold. This process was, and still is, referred to as wood milling. Milling is the method of using rotary cutters to remove material from the wood. There are a variety of equipment used in the manufacturing of logs into usable lumber. After the logs are scaled, a sawyer uses a head saw to break the logs into unfinished planks. An edger is used to trim off all irregular edges leaving a four-sided lumber. The wood is then planed to smooth the surface of the lumber, thereby leaving a uniform width and thickness. After this process is completed it can then be shipped to market.
Manufacturing wood products included cutting the logs into usable lumber and other wood products, such as; particle boards, barkdust, oriented strand board and wood pellets. The logs would be cut down the length of it to create even, straight pieces. These pieces of wood were intended for building homes, businesses and other structures. Steam powered cutting systems were linked to belts. These mechanical systems could drive a series of saw blades that would increase the output of cut boards immensely.
After the logs are processed at the wood mills, the cut boards and pieces are sold to lumber companies. These lumber companies will either sell to public or private sectors of the population. The transported wood products are taken by a buyer to a market. There, the buyer will sell the wood to select wood companies. The small mills sell to the local people who often will transport the wood home on their own, using trucks and other large vehicles. The wood that is left over from the local sales would then be taken to various distant markets by sailing ship, rail and then, eventually, delivery trucks.
With the advancement of milling tools, technology has played a significant role in expediting the process in manufacturing wood to be sold and used in production. Some of these advanced tools can be viewed and bought as conventions, expositions, conferences and trade shows. At these trade shows, the wood products industry will feature the wood and sawmill equipment that can be sold and bought by various milling companies. At these events you can expect to see numerous of attendants involved the lumber industry from lumber jack companies to equipment manufacturers. They will showcase their products and samples using big attractive booths complimented with small items such as lightweight trade show tables to place literature, giveaways or other samples. So it is important to use all the opportunities to present your company at a trade show, so don’t hesitate to utilize trade show accessories. To have a better idea of a range of these products you can visit http://www.exhibeportable.com/trade-show-tables.html.
Also it is important to choose the right event in this field. Some of the best lumber events include the Sierra-Cascade Logging Conference, the Mississippi Lumber Manufacturers Association Annual Meeting, PaperWeek Canada and the Lumber and Building Material Expo. The logging industry associations and groups production events hosts these trade shows to display and sell the newest technological equipment used in the wood industry.
Every year millions of cubic metes of wood is used in construction, furniture, flooring, creating musical instrument, sports equipment, etc. Properties of the wood differ depending on what wood species are used. The difference between species is seen in color, water resistance, hardness, flexibility, ability to carry a load and other. Here is a list of the most popular wood harvested in the USA
1. OAK tree
Oak tree (the mighty oak) was selected as the official national tree of the United States in 2004. The tree can be found in almost every State in the U.S. There are roughly 60 wood species of the oak tree in the United States. The different species can be categorized into white and red oak. The tree is recognized for its excellent shade, high-quality lumber, and beauty.
Properties: The Oak tree grows well in hot and humid climates. Oak trees are harvested after they reach a height of roughly 45 meters. The oak wood species is strong, thick, and light colored hardwood. The oak wood has a coarse texture and fine grain due to its outstanding rings and large pores.
Uses: Oak Wood is used to craft American designs. Also, the Oak is used for Gothic and William & Mary designs as well as other contemporary crafting designs.
Mahogany is a tropical hardwood tree found in South and Central America. There are various grades and wood species which vary in term of quality and price.
Properties: Mahogany is believed to be the strongest, hardest and best quality wood. Mahogany wood tends to be brown in color and may exhibit stripe, ribbon, rope ripple, or blister figures. It takes about 25 years for mahogany trees to be harvested
Use: Mahogany is an essential lumber highly prized wood for its durability, beauty, and unique color. It’s used for crafting Georgian, Federal and Empire furniture. Additionally, the wood makes excellent wood carvings, musical instruments, and boats.
There are five common maple wood species in the U.S. These species include red maple, sugar maple, and hard rock maple.
Properties: The hard and resistant properties of maple make it ideal for creating bowling alley floors. The wood has a fine texture and even grain due to its evenly sized pores. Maple wood with curly grains is usually used to design violin backs.
Uses: American colonial furniture is made from maple wood. Also, the wood can be stained to produce cherry wood.
Walnut is the most popular hardwood tree in North America.
Properties: The wood color ranges from light to dark chocolate brown with wavy grain on the roots. The relatively thick wood is hard, strong and durable. It boasts of amazing woodworking qualities and excellent finishes.
Uses: The easy to carve and smooth walnut wood is used to make elegant cabinets.
The cherry tree also referred to as fruitwood can be found in the Washington, Michigan, Wisconsin, Oregon and the California States.
The Japan gave 3,020 cherry trees to the United States as a gift of friendship. The First lady planted the first two cherry trees at the bank of the Tidal Basin. The National Cherry Blossom Festival celebrates the 1912 gifts of cherry trees and marks the lasting friendship between Japan and the U.S. This festival has made the Cherry Tree famous across the United States.
Properties: Cherry tree tends to be moderately hard and reddish-brown in color. The straight-grained, durable, and light-weight wood is easy to polish, and carve cherry wood.
Uses: there is a high demand for cherry lumber which is used to make cabinets and furniture. Additionally, the Cherry wood species is used for wall paneling, handles, toys, interior trim, flooring, and veneers.
Lumber companies have existed for hundreds of years, and are often given a bad reputation. Many consumers believe that lumber companies are bad for forests, woods, and other natural habitats. But in reality, lumber companies do not deplete the Earth’s resources. Modern lumber companies take a much more green approach to logging, offering several recycling options and learning how to reuse wood for different projects. Timber and lumber can be used in a variety of ways, and they can help keep other resources green as well. If you’re in the business of selling lumber, veneers, laminates, timber, and more, these core values and tips of being a green lumber company are a must-read.
Buying Replant Wood Can Save
If you’re a modern lumber company, you can buy your wood from select timber companies that work in replant forests. These timber companies will actually replant their wood, growing their own trees in designated farms. That way, they are not contributing to the disaster of deforestation, and they are creating a sustainable business by reusing each plot of soil. Timber companies create their own tree farms to be reused time and time again, and they can sell you timber for a cost-effective option.
Another valuable option for green lumber companies is to buy timber and wood from companies that sell dying tree parts. Trees that are dying will already be discarded anyway, so it can be useful to claim this wood and put it to good use. The wood can be good for scraps, reclaimed furniture, and other useful projects.
Green Laminates Exist
Laminates, in the traditional sense, are not made using green methods. Laminate and vinyl wood flooring can hurt the environment to make. However, you can achieve a green hardwood floor project by buying from companies that produce a laminate with greener materials. Nowadays, many different types of hardwood flooring – whether it’s bamboo, oak, cherry, pecan, or more, can be made from sustainably harvested, reclaimed, or recycled resources. These reused materials are much less harsh on the environment and can help to reduce your company’s carbon footprint.
Veneer lumber is typically made from engineered wood practices, using thin layers of wood and many adhesives that are not environmentally friendly. However, more and more modern lumber companies are thinking of new ways to make veneers that don’t do as much damage to the environment. Much like laminates and timber, veneers can be made with recycled and reclaimed wooden resources and can be put together using adhesives that do not contain as many damaging chemicals.
Green Lumber is the Future
By employing modern and safe environmental practices, you can ensure that your lumber company can stay green and still turn a profit. These core values of being a green lumber company will help your company be more sustainable in the long run. By receiving timber, lumber, veneers, and laminates from reclaimed wood, you are using safe practices that do not cause deforestation. With recycled wood, replant facilities, and discarded timber uses on the rise, it is proof that green lumber companies are the path to a sustainable future.