In the procedure of lumbering standing timber there are four processes in completing this transaction. First, it begins with a homesteader or developer assigning an area of the wooded land to be farmed out of a forest. Or an independent contractor will cut and sell logs to a wood mill. The commercial wood mill will handle the entire process from logging the timber through the sale of the wood. Before the use of modern technology, logging typically was limited to the winter months. Lumber jacks would cut down the trees and draft horses were used to pull and hauled the lumber, by wagon, from the drop point to the pick-up point near a river. Then, the logs floated down river to the railroad station, where it was taken to the designated milling yards. Eventually, vehicles were incorporated in the delivery process in lieu of horses. The use of trucks and railroads made the lumbering process more safe and efficient. This advancement in transportation allowed lumberjacks to cut and move the lumber year-round, rather than just during the winter months.

Lumber jack cutting a tree

At the milling yards, the cut wood was then processed to be sold. This process was, and still is, referred to as wood milling. Milling is the method of using rotary cutters to remove material from the wood. There are a variety of equipment used in the manufacturing of logs into usable lumber. After the logs are scaled, a sawyer uses a head saw to break the logs into unfinished planks. An edger is used to trim off all irregular edges leaving a four-sided lumber. The wood is then planed to smooth the surface of the lumber, thereby leaving a uniform width and thickness. After this process is completed it can then be shipped to market.

Manufacturing wood products included cutting the logs into usable lumber and other wood products, such as; particle boards, barkdust, oriented strand board and wood pellets. The logs would be cut down the length of it to create even, straight pieces. These pieces of wood were intended for building homes, businesses and other structures. Steam powered cutting systems were linked to belts. These mechanical systems could drive a series of saw blades that would increase the output of cut boards immensely.

After the logs are processed at the wood mills, the cut boards and pieces are sold to lumber companies. These lumber companies will either sell to public or private sectors of the population. The transported wood products are taken by a buyer to a market. There, the buyer will sell the wood to select wood companies. The small mills sell to the local people who often will transport the wood home on their own, using trucks and other large vehicles. The wood that is left over from the local sales would then be taken to various distant markets by sailing ship, rail and then, eventually, delivery trucks.

Lumber mill

With the advancement of milling tools, technology has played a significant role in expediting the process in manufacturing wood to be sold and used in production. Some of these advanced tools can be viewed and bought as conventions, expositions, conferences and trade shows. At these trade shows, the wood products industry will feature the wood and sawmill equipment that can be sold and bought by various milling companies. At these events you can expect to see numerous of attendants involved the lumber industry from lumber jack companies to equipment manufacturers. They will showcase their products and samples using big attractive booths complimented with small items such as lightweight trade show tables to place literature, giveaways or other samples. So it is important to use all the opportunities to present your company at a trade show, so don’t hesitate to utilize trade show accessories. To have a better idea of a range of these products you can visit

Also it is important to choose the right event in this field. Some of the best lumber events include the Sierra-Cascade Logging Conference, the Mississippi Lumber Manufacturers Association Annual Meeting, PaperWeek Canada and the Lumber and Building Material Expo. The logging industry associations and groups production events hosts these trade shows to display and sell the newest technological equipment used in the wood industry.